Hiya guys, welcome to my fibres and fabrics sequence. In this video, part one, i’m going to be speakme about some usual substances that you just possible have or will come throughout. And what the pros and cons are for both daily use and the environmental have an effect on. Part two will likely be about vegan artificial versus animal substances. And phase 3 will likely be all about upcycled and recycled substances. So obviously verify those out as good. So first up is cotton, and i’ll incorporate time codes beneath for the extraordinary materials if you want to jump forward or reference detailed ones. Cotton is on the whole the most usual material and it can be a usual fibre, it comes from the cotton plant And it’s: soft, breathable (which means that air can move via it and moisture can evaporate by way of it), convenient to clean (it can be machine washable), absorbent, versatile ( there is plenty of exclusive forms of cotton materials and garments), it is excellent for people with allergy symptoms or dermis sensitivities The cons are that it does not preserve dye particularly well so it fades additional time and may additionally bleed even as being washed.It wrinkles, it could possibly slash in hot water, especially the primary time it can be washed. The environmental execs are that it is biodegradable. And the environmental cons are that it wishes various water to develop. Additionally it is commonly bleached and chemically dealt with and dyed. Cotton also has one of the absolute best pesticide uses for vegetation. And it’s typically GMO as good. But these two things are avoided via buying healthy cotton. Subsequent is Linen, and it can be a different normal fabric It comes from the flax plant and it was used all of the means back in old Egypt. And linen as a fibre is: breathable, durable, light-weight, absorbent, it is frequently very cool and good for summer time, I also learn that it can be antimicrobial however I wasn’t ready to seek out very a lot in-depth understanding to back that up The cons are that is wrinkles effectively It regularly requires gentler or hand washing and regularly there’s false linen or ‘linen seem’ material so you ought to watch out of that.The environmental pros are that it requires little pesticides and water to grow, primarily in comparison with cotton. And it’s biodegradable. And the cons are that it could actually sometimes be dyed with poisonous chemicals but it surely is dependent upon the way it’s made. Yet another plant fibre is hemp. And it comes from the hashish plant but a type that’s most effective used for hemp construction. And as a fibre it is: durable, absorbent, it turns into softer with put on and washing, it can be breathable and it can be hypoallergenic. The cons are that it could actually often be difficult, it wrinkles and unique nations routinely have very strict laws round growing and processing hemp. So there are difficulties round that with hemp material construction. The environmental pros are that it would not require pesticides or lots of water to grow, It would not deplete nutrients from the soils so it can be a relatively good crop. It’s biodegradable and since it’s very durable the garments quite often final long And for environmental cons, I quite couldn’t in finding some thing. It is truly obvious as being probably the most eco-friendly material. Then there is polyester, which is likely the most usual artificial fibre.It is comprised of petrochemicals and is: wrinkle resistant, long lasting, it dries quickly it is colourfast, it’s computing device washable it tends to preserve it is shape well and it’s low priced. The cons are that it would not breathe which will additionally rationale it to turn out to be pungent, it builds up static and it will possibly additionally irritate the epidermis. An environmental professional is that it can be recycled however this does require a further chemical process. And the environmental cons are that it doesn’t biodegrade, fibres come off of it when it can be being washed and people emerge as polluting the ocean, it is vigor intensive and really polluting to make, toxic chemical compounds are used to make it and it is usually very complex to dye which requires a variety of chemicals. Then we now have wool. Wool is a ordinary protein fibre like your hair. And it frequently comes from sheep however may come from alpacas, goats and different animals. Wool as a fibre is: very heat (it is even warm when wet), water resistant, long lasting, very absorbent, flame resistant and hypoallergenic. The cons are that it shrinks in hot water, it need to be hand washed or dry cleaned, it will possibly tablet and depending on the kind of wool, it can be itchy or demanding to the skin. The environmental professionals are that it’s quite simply dyed, which mainly approach there are less harsh chemical compounds used, it can be biodegradable and on account that it can be very durable it signifies that the garment will quite often wear relatively well and can be kept for a long time.The environmental cons are that since it comes from an animal there are disorders and issues around the healing and care and wellness of those animals. And i will speak more about that partially two. Toxic chemicals and pesticides will also be used and this can be evaded by looking for natural wool. Subsequent is acrylic which is an artificial petrochemical fibre. It used to be developed to be a person made replacement to wool and it’s: lightweight, soft, colourfast, computing device washable and affordable. The cons are that it tends to pill effortlessly it would not breathe, it builds up static.For the environmental pros, I quite could not in finding some thing. And the cons are that it doesn’t biodegrade, it is no longer conveniently recycled, there are poisonous chemical substances used to make it, it’s vigor intensive and once more fibres wash off of it that end polluting the oceans. Then there is silk which is a ordinary protein fibre. It comes from the cocoon of the silk worm. And it’s: very gentle, it has a average sheen, it can be light-weight has a good drape, so it regularly appears very nice in apparel and it’s traditionally good for very touchy epidermis. The cons are that it’s expensive, it requires hand washing or dry cleaning, it’s not very durable and it can be prone to discolouration from daylight or perspiration. The environmental pros are that it’s biodegradable, and it dyes very readily. And the environmental cons are that the silk worms are honestly killed within the procedure of harvesting the silk from the cocoons so it’s not in any respect an moral or vegan fabric.Subsequent is nylon an additional synthetic created from petrochemicals It was once developed to be a synthetic substitute for silk. And it is: powerful, weather resistant, versatile, water repellent, desktop washable, it dries quickly and it’s low priced. The cons are that some types of nylon build up static, it may well irritate epidermis The environmental professionals are that it’s a pretty durable fabric so the garment will typically final a very long time And for the cons, like with polyester, fibres come off when it is washed that come to be polluting the oceans, toxic chemical substances are used to make it, there are numerous harmful emissions, it is energy intensive and it’s no longer biodegradable.Then there’s spandex, also called elastane or lycra. It is an extraordinarily elastic fibre additionally comprised of petrochemicals. And it is as a rule found blended with different fibres. It is: stretchy, it helps clothes maintain their shape, and it can aid with fit. The cons are that it breaks down over time, it will possibly additionally emerge as brittle and yellow. The environmental execs are that it could help make garments now not stretch out and the environmental cons are that it does not biodegrade, it can be energy intensive and polluting to make and poisonous chemical compounds are used. Subsequently there is just a few naturally derived synthetic fibres. The first i’ll speak about is rayon and it’s certainly constituted of a wooden pulp that goes via a chemical approach. And as a fibres it’s: smooth, cheap, absorbent, anti-static, (unlike different artificial substances), The cons are that it can be now not very durable, it tends to pill, it wrinkles, it loses strength when wet and may easily turn out to be misshapen and it also shrinks very without difficulty. I really could not really in finding any atmosphere professionals for rayon besides for the fact that it makes use of much less poisonous chemical substances than different synthetics but there’s nonetheless toxic chemicals, so I still see that as a con.Due to the fact it can be a wood pulp it may make a contribution to deforestation and it can be power intensive to make. There’s additionally bamboo and the vast majority of bamboo is without a doubt bamboo viscose or a bamboo rayon And countries have distinct laws about whether or no longer it needs to be labeled as viscose derived from bamboo or a bamboo rayon. But truly it can be the equal process as rayon but as an alternative of utilising wood pulp, they use bamboo.And as a fibre it is smooth, breathable, very absorbent, and likewise does not construct up static. The cons are that like rayon, some bamboo materials will capsule fairly effortlessly and i like I stated exceptional international locations can have exclusive ideas as how it’s supposed to be labeled so that can be confusing. The environmental professionals are that bamboo may be very renewable to develop and requires little water and pesticides.And the cons are that there are still poisonous chemical compounds used to make the fabric, and it is power intensive. And the final fibre i’ll speak about is lyocell or tencel. And it is an additional naturally derived synthetic produced from wooden pulp. And it’s: tender, very absorbent, resistant to wrinkles, versatile, durable, breathable, anti-static and likewise claims to be hypoallergenic. The cons are that it may well pill effectively and also mostly desires certain care. The environmental pros are that it is biodegradable, it is made in a closed loop approach so the chemicals are recycled. And it’s much much less toxic to supply than other synthetics and normal synthetics like rayon. The cons are that it is nonetheless uses really just a little of power to supply and on the grounds that it does come from wooden pulp it could also make contributions to deforestation but overall it’s the most environmentally pleasant synthetic fabric.So of path there are also other substances than the ones I’ve stated and you’ll additionally seemingly to find numerous blends. And blends can mix the advantages of both substances but it might also negate some of them. For illustration, a polyester/cotton blend will imply that the item is now not biodegradable. As you might have most of the time observed, no material is ultimate. And it’s nearly making an attempt your great to make informed selections and in addition deciding upon the proper materials for the perform of the garment. I in my opinion attempt to stick with average substances for each comfort and environmental causes. But it would not make feel at all times. For instance with swimming wear, it makes rather more experience to have whatever that does not absorb water and dries rapidly. So i hope you might have located this intriguing and might be learned anything.Please let me recognize in the feedback if they’re any professionals or cons that I overlooked. Thank you so much for looking at and i will see you within the next one..